Escrow account – is an arrangement made under contractual provisions between transacting parties, whereby an independent trusted third party (usually a bank) receives and disburses money or documents for the transacting parties, with the timing of such disbursement by the third party dependent on the fulfilment of contractually-agreed conditions by the transacting parties. It is commonly used to support sale/purchase transactions, such as the purchase of a real estate, reducing the risk between the parties to the minimum, and providing a mechanism which ensures trust and confidence.
The buyer, the seller and the bank sign an agreement, whereby they agree on necessary documents, terms and other conditions as required to complete the deal, along with any critical milestones along the way. An escrow agent – the bank, acts as an impartial holder of the money or documents, and in this way keeps the risk of such things as fraud to a minimum for both parties.
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